oral, verbal

oral, verbal
   "The 1960 understanding . . . was a verbal understanding that was never written down" (New York Times). Because oral can apply only to the spoken word, it would have been a better choice here. Verbal, which can describe both spoken and written words, is more usefully employed to distinguish between words and gestures or between words and substance. In the example above, however, neither word is necessary. It would be enough to say, "The 1960 understanding was never written down." originally is often needlessly inserted into sentences where it conveys no additional information, as here: "The plans were originally drawn up as long ago as 1972" (Observer).

Dictionary of troublesome word. . 2013.

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  • oral, verbal —     The 1960 understanding . . . was a verbal understanding that was never written down (New York Times). Because oral can apply only to the spoken word, it would have been a better choice here. Verbal, which can describe both spoken and written… …   Dictionary of troublesome word

  • oral, verbal, aural — Oral means spoken rather than written and of or pertaining to the mouth. Verbal means associated with words. Verbal can and does refer to what is written; oral does not. Be careful in using oral and verbal with words like agreement, promise, and… …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • oral — 1 *vocal, articulate Antonyms: written 2 Oral, verbal are often confused in use. Oral (see also VOCAL 1) implies utterance and speech; it is distinctively applicable to whatever is delivered, communicated, transacted, or carried on directly from… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • verbal — ver•bal [[t]ˈvɜr bəl[/t]] adj. 1) of or consisting of words: verbal ability[/ex] 2) use spoken rather than written; oral: verbal communication[/ex] 3) concerned with words only, rather than with the ideas, facts, or realities expressed: a purely… …   From formal English to slang

  • oral — (Del lat. oralis.) ► adjetivo 1 Que es expresado o transmitido por medio de palabras habladas: ■ la poesía épica pertenece a la tradición oral; esta tarde tengo un examen oral. ANTÓNIMO escrito 2 De la boca: ■ la higiene oral es muy importante;… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • verbal — See oral. See oral, verbal, aural …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • oral — See oral, verbal, aural …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • verbal — verbal, ale, aux [ vɛrbal, o ] adj. • 1337, attesté par l adv. verbalement; lat. verbalis, de verbum → verbe I ♦ 1 ♦ Qui se fait de vive voix (opposé à écrit). ⇒ oral. Promesse verbale. Ordres, rapports verbaux. Convention verbale. Location… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • verbal — VERBÁL, Ă, verbali, e, adj. 1. Care se face, se transmite, se comunică prin viu grai, din gură în gură; care caracterizează graiul viu, vorbirea; oral. 2. Care aparţine verbului (1), privitor la verb, de verb. ♢ Flexiune verbală = conjugare (2).… …   Dicționar Român

  • oral — oral, ale, aux [ ɔral, o ] adj. • 1610; du lat. os, oris « bouche » 1 ♦ (Opposé à écrit) Qui se fait, se transmet par la parole. Langue orale et langue écrite. Cours d expression orale. Confession, déposition orale. ⇒ verbal. Littérature,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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